Life is not over because you have diabetes. Make the most of what you have, be grateful. – Dale Evans
Diabetes is a chronic syndrome that is characterized by disordered metabolism and inappropriately high blood sugar. Diabetes is caused by inherited and/or acquired deficiency in production of insulin by the pancreas, or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced. Such a deficiency results in increased concentrations of glucose in the blood. The characteristic symptoms of diabetes are excessive urine production, excessive thirst and increased fluid intake and sometimes even blurred vision.
Type I or Juvenile diabetes is a type of diabetes that begins during childhood or adolescence. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Taking daily injections of insulin treats this condition. For this reason, this type of diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes.
Type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is due to resistance to insulin or reduced insulin sensitivity. This diabetes is also combined with reduced insulin secretion. This diabetes is mainly caused from the inability of the body to respond properly to the action of insulin produced by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes accounts for nearly 90 percent of all cases of diabetes taken worldwide. It mainly occurs in the adults but is also seen increasingly in adolescents as well. There exist numerous theories as to what is the exact cause and mechanism in this Type 2 diabetes. However we find that approximately 55 percent obese people is suffering from this Type 2 diabetes. High blood pressure and heredity is also being considered as factors for this Type 2 diabetes.
The methodology to ascertain the same is very simple and the diagnosis can be confirmed very easily and quickly with a blood and/or urine test and it is ascertained by the level of glucose in the blood. The level of glucose in the blood can be measured. When the glucose level in the blood appears high then we can confirm that the person is suffering from diabetes.
The cure for diabetes is yet to be known. Treatment of diabetes focuses on two goals. The first is to keep blood glucose within a normal range, and the second is to prevent complications from developing over time. This disease can be controlled and no cured. To maintain the sugar level at a marginal level one needs to meticulously monitor the sugar level. Second, proper diet and brisk walking often helps to keep the sugar level in the blood low.
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