Gone are the days when only a particular age of people was suffering from diabetes. Today even children and surprisingly even infants are identified with high blood sugar disease. Several research studies indicate that at least seventeen in every hundred thousand children are suffering from diabetes.
Diabetes is actually categorized into two types, the “Type-1 Diabetes” and the “Type-2 Diabetes”. Type-1 diabetes is said to develop when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin that is required to break the glucose, which is present in blood. The prime cause of development of ‘type-2 diabetes’ has been found is the insulin produced by the pancreas that does not have the power of resistance, or in other words is not effective.
Common Causes of Diabetes among Children
Children are affected by both ‘type-1 diabetes’ as well as ‘type 2 diabetes’. Earlier, majority of the children were suffering from the type-1 diabetes, however, currently children with suffering from type-2 diabetes are on rise.
It is a known fact that obesity is the causative factor for the development of diabetes in children. Bad diet and lack of exercise can also cause diabetes, although little known is about the causes of type-1 diabetes in the children. But there are evidences to show that it is caused due to genes. Sometimes it is said that it is triggered by environmental factors, such as diet or exercise. The debate seems to be going on strongly and it has been proved a number of times by a number of researchers that diabetes is not a hereditary disease and therefore it’s not transferred from one generation to the other, especially in children.
The causes for rise in the ‘type-2 diabetes’ incidence in children is mainly because of very poor diet right from the young age, and the rapid change in the lifestyle that hardly emphasizes of any importance to exercise and physical activities. The video-game crazy children are hardly flexing their limbs while junking down several of the empty calorie foods.
Symptoms of Diabetes in Children
As such there is not much difference in the symptoms of diabetes whether it affected a child or an adult, they are the same. ‘Polydipsia’ or excessive thirstiness is one wherein children feel quite often thirsty and polyuria or frequent urination becomes very frequent in the affected children, although, both these are interdependent.
Sometimes children do complain of headaches and aches in the stomach. Another symptom that needs to be worth watched is the weight loss; as it is said that children suffering from diabetes would loose weight. They also become tired and exhausted very soon. Some children show problems in their behavior as well.
In rare cases, it is also said that child would suffer from diabetic acidosis, where the symptoms are the same as in adults, but in this case it is accompanied by unconsciousness, where immediate hospitalization may have to be done.
Exercise is the best way to keep diabetes at bay. Working out by flexing the limbs helps to reduce the level of glucose in the blood and this is very important for children that are suffering from ‘type-2 diabetes’. Just because you can control diabetes through exercise, it does not mean that you blindly tell your child to go and start exercising. You need to ensure that your child has taken necessary safety measures before exercising. And make sure he avoids getting dehydrated. See to that you prepare a proper diabetic healthcare plan for your child that adheres to having small meals in frequent intervals; the anti-diabetic and the insulin agents properly adjusted. It is always better to keep everything under check and control with the help of a physician.
If your child is one to be using insulin pump, then you need to check with your doctor whether the device should be connected while he is exercising or not. If your physician asks for your glucose level chart, it is better that you check the level of glucose in your child before and after the exercise. If the level of glucose is observed to be too high or too low, necessary treatment might be the best solution with the consultation of the physician. What generally doctors says and people follow, you also can follow and in case the level of glucose is dipping better help your child and give him a sweet or glucose tablet.
Treating Diabetes in Children
As it is, raising a child in today’s world is very challenging, to top it, raising a child with diabetes can be extremely challenging. But thanks to the rapid progress in technology and the field of medical science, treating a diabetic child or taking care of one has broken a lot of complexities.
The treatments first start with a change in the food habits. See to that your child develops the habit of eating the same time everyday, as this can maintain the same level of glucose in the blood. Do not restrict your child from eating sweets as it would be a very disappointing thing for a child, instead give him sweets occasionally. Much better give him low-sugar sweets and include a lot of fresh vegetables and fruits in your child’s diet. When the level of glucose is low, it is called ‘hypoglycemia’. When this happens you can treat your child by giving glucose tablets, food that contains glucose or sometimes even beverages helps. On the other hand, if the level of glucose is high it is called ‘hyperglycemia’. This happens when there less insulin and more food, and treatment should be given immediately. The difference between ‘hypoglycemia’ and ‘hyperglycemia’ must be understood very carefully. Any miss-identification and a little carelessness can be dangerously harmful for your child.
Since the importance of exercise and other physical activities need not be emphasized again, encourage your diabetic child to take part in sports activities in school and play at home, at the same time, give your child a snack box that has glucose tablets or a sugar candy in case he is suffering from low glucose levels. A positive inspiration from parent’s side will help immensely in fighting the disease.
As a parent, you should be of emotional strength to your child. You child may not be comfortable to tell his friends that he has diabetes. It is better that you consult your doctor how to handle this emotionally and then act accordingly. Diabetes education can help to a great deal to handle a diabetic child. So update your knowledge on diabetes and discuss with your physician to clear any apprehension. Make all attempts to enhance the self-confidence level of your child. A disease can happen to anyone.
Locating the Treatment Center
Diabetes can be treated by a diabetic expert. There are a lot of centers across the world that specializes in the treatment of juvenile diabetes. To name a few are the Partners Healthcare, Truman Medical Centers, and XCell Center. It is very important that a good diabetic treatment center located in the vicinity of your area is well under your reach. At the same time, if happen to travel out frequently along with your child you must know any such treatment center at the destination you are reaching to. Information in this case is real wealth and real help.
Do Not Panic Just Care For Your Child
The irony is that a child with diabetes lives longer than a normal child. So do not panic if your child is said to have developed diabetes. The only thing that you need to do is to consult a good diabetic expert and follow his instructions. Give a proper diet and exercise routine for your child, which over a period of time would develop into a habit. This will in turn help him take care of himself to lead a happy and healthy life.
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