Preventing and Causes of Venous Disease

Did you know about half of the U.S. population has venous disease? Venous disease tends to affect women more with 50-55% being women and 40-45% being male.

Varicose veins, a type of venous disease, disproportionately affects women. Spider veins are another common type of venous disease.

While those statistics might be set against many of us, there are ways you can help prevent or put off venous disease.

Causes of Venous Diseases:

Let’s start with the basics. Your body has two main types of blood vessels – arteries and veins. The arteries transport oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. Once your body’s muscles and tissues have received their oxygen, the blood travels back up the body through your veins to be re-oxygenated. Veins have a harder job than arteries because they’re working against the force of gravity, especially the veins in our legs.

Doctors often call venous diseases venous insufficiency. The insufficiency refers to the veins’ inability to transport blood back up the legs to the heart. As a result, the blood pools in the legs which can lead to varicose veins.

Many factors can contribute to venous insufficiency including:

  • High blood pressure
  • Older age
  • Being female
  • Being overweight
  • Not exercising regularly
  • Have deep vein thrombosis
  • Smoke
  • Or have varicose veins in your family history

You can click here to learn more on the causes of vein disease.

How Can I Tell If I Have a Venous Disease?

Unfortunately, many people check one or more of the criteria above. Older women who are slightly overweight have a reasonably high chance of getting varicose veins.

Venous Disease
Image by Pexels

You can identify venous disease by some of these symptoms:

  • Swelling of the feet or ankles
  • Itching
  • Skin sores or ulcers
  • Aching or heavy lower legs and feet
  • Changes in skin color
  • Cramping

If you think you’re experiencing problems with your veins, you should consult your doctor who can formally diagnose you. He will examine your legs with a type of ultrasound machine to see how well the blood flows in your legs. From there, he will recommend a course of action based on your results and discomfort.

How Can I Treat Venous Diseases?

There are a few things you can do to treat your venous disease. Most doctors will recommend that you wear compression stockings or socks to ease your discomfort. The compression action helps blood travel back up the leg. You don’t need a prescription to get compression socks, and you can find them at most drug stores or online retailers.

You should also get more exercise if you’re relatively inactive. Brisk walks, toe raises, and leg stretches are all great ways to activate your leg muscles if you’re not able to be super active. Running and other sports requiring running are also great options if you prefer a more athletic approach.

Also, try to avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time. Doing so can cause blood to pool in your legs. Getting up to stretch your muscles is particularly crucial during flights where we feel like we must be trapped in our seats for ages. Here are some stretches you can do on an airplane that won’t make you look crazy.

In some extreme cases, your doctor might recommend surgery to repair, remove, or circumvent non-functional veins.

What About Prevention?

Preventative measures in medicine are the most efficient and low-cost option in the long run. Many of the treatments we mentioned above are also perfect for preventing developing venous diseases.

Avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time. At work, try getting your hands on an adjustable standing desk that will allow you to go from standing to sitting whenever you want. When you stand, do toe raises and calf stretches every now and again to keep the muscles strong.

You should also quit smoking if you’re a smoker.

If you are obese or overweight, adopting a regular exercise routine and healthy diet can help reduce your risk for venous diseases.

Whether you end up with a venous disease later in life or not, know that treatments get better every year and that the different venous disorders are entirely manageable. However, the best way to prevent them altogether is to maintain a healthy weight, be active, and eat right.

Does Medical Marijuana Helps to Treat Darier’s Disease?

Darier’s disease is a very rare skin condition that impacts less than one percent of the people in the world. But if you are one of those unlucky individuals who is suffering from Darier’s disease, you may want to find out about the different methods that you can use to get better.

Symptoms of Darier’s Disease:

The condition is usually spotted because of wart-like blemishes that are all over the body. They can start to appear during the teenage years, but some people do not suffer from Darier’s disease until they are in adulthood. The wart-like blemishes are visible in different parts of the body, including the scalp, forehead, upper arms, knees, elbows or behind the ears. Some of the other symptoms of Darier’s disease include abnormalities with your nails, pits in the palms of your hands, and issues with the soles of your feet.

Some of the symptoms are only seen in 20 or 30 percent of patients with Darier’s disease. But other symptoms are present in around 80 to 99 percent of Darier’s disease cases. If you are suffering from one or more of these symptoms, it is vital that you see a doctor. It could be something completely unrelated, but it is much better to get checked out.

Treating Darier’s Disease:

The condition is caused by mutations in the ATP2A2 gene in the body. It is impossible to stop Darier’s disease from occurring, which is why most people do not even think about getting treatment until they notice one of the symptoms on their body. It is an inherited condition that is going to pass down from one generation to another. If a person has the mutated gene, there is a 50 percent chance their children will have the mutated gene too.

Most of the treatment is about managing the condition. It includes wearing sunscreen, cool cotton shirts, keeping out of the heat, using moisturizers and taking mid-potency topical steroids to avoid inflammation.

CBD and Darier’s Disease:

It is said that medical marijuana could greatly help those who are suffering from Darier’s disease. The CBD in marijuana can help to get rid of some of the allergic responses to Darier’s disease in the body by blocking CB2 receptors in the skin. This results in much less inflammation and scratching. It is a great alternative to using steroids regularly.

If you are suffering from Darier’s disease, and your current treatment is not helping, you may want to consider buying CBD oil which you can find online at sites like Even if CBD oil does not help to cure your condition, it can provide huge relief from the symptoms. It will lower your inflammation, ensure that you are not always itchy and scratching your skin, and promote calmness all over your body.

Suffering from Darier’s disease is not easy, and it requires many lifestyle adjustments. But if you are prepared to make those changes, and you use CBD oil along with the other drugs given by your doctor, you have a very good chance of leading a normal life.

Hormone Replacement Therapy – A Detailed Study

If you or someone close to you are experiencing menopause signs, then getting a clear knowledge about hormone replacement therapy can provide you with a good support to decide whether you should go for it or not. You can consult your doctor, or can take help of online websites; there are many websites like Nexel Medical on which you can get proper consultancy and guidance regarding HRT. Let’s have a look to HRT in depth.

Hormone Replacement Therapy – What is it?

Hormone Replacement Therapy or HRT is also popularly known as estrogen replacement therapy and menopausal hormone therapy. In this process, with the help from progesterone and estrogen, you can get some relief from the usual signs of aging as well as menopause. If your doctor realizes the need for HRT, they can even suggest it during or after the menopause phase.

After our mensuration process comes to an end, our hormone levels experiences some change, which can lead to various uncomfortable situations like vaginal dryness, thinning hair, urinary disorder, osteoporosis, sleep problems, hot flashes, night sweat, irregular menstruation, mood swings, having problems in concentrating as well as remembering things, reduction in fertility, concentration of fats in our abdomen area, smaller breasts etc.

HRT (hormone replacement therapy) provides hormones that our body is no longer able to make. This treatment is believed to be the most useful option for treating the symptoms of menopause.

The need for Estrogen:

As we already know estrogen is required during or prior to pregnancy. However, it has some other roles too, like making our bones strong enough, enhancing the level of good cholesterol, supervising the use of calcium by our bodies.

Is HRT useful?

In women’s reproductive system, estrogen as well as progesterone play an integral role. Estrogen encourages the discharge of eggs and on the other hand progesterone makes your womb ready for the implantation of eggs.

It’s a natural fact that number of eggs reduces as the time goes by, as well as production of estrogen reduces too. Usually women begin to experience such problems in their late forty’s.


Image by Pexels

Perimenopause is a situation of woman’s transition into menopause; changes starts to continue even the women still have their menstruation. Symptoms can begin as early as age of 44, it can last from anywhere between 3 to 10 years. On an average woman experiences this condition for a period of almost four years.


On an average at around the age of fifty one, when your last period appears, you step into your menopause.

Post menopause:

After having your last period, menopause usually continues for a whole year after which you step into the post-menopausal period. The various signs start to reduce in the next two to five years, however sometimes it can last for ten years or even a little more than that.

Nevertheless, various other situations like cancer treatment or removing ovaries because of some reason can instigate the arrival of menopause earlier than expected.

People who can go for HRT:

Usually women who are experiencing menopausal symptoms can have this treatment, however this might not be suitable for people who had the following:

Past experience of blood clot, liver ailment, history of womb cancer or ovarian cancer or breast cancer, blood pressure , excessive problem of migraines, stroke, heart ailment etc.

The above ailments need to be taken care of before having this treatment. Also there is a possibility that you might get pregnant while you are on HRT. So it is normally suggested that you use contraceptives for two years since the last time you had your periods if you are less than 50 years old or at least for a year if you are more than 50 years old.

In such conditions, doctors might suggest alternative options too.

A recent line of thinking suggests that the chances of having breast cancer increases if you are on HRT for a continuous period of 5 years or more. However for women between 50 to 60 years the risk of blood clotting related health issues or stroke is not that high.

Because of HRT there is an outside chance that women may gain weight. A recent study has revealed that women usually gain weight during menopause, however it’s not necessarily because of HRT. Some other reason behind gaining weight during this time might be the lack of physical exercises. It has also been found that with a change in hormone levels fat gets redistributed and this leads to an increase in appetite caused by a fall in the levels of estrogen.

HRT Types:

There are various options available in the market for this treatment. Expert advice is always welcome for guiding you to choose one that is right for you.

Majority of women get a mixture of hormones called progesterone and estrogen. However for women who don’t have a womb can get just the estrogen only.

There are various options available in the market for getting the treatment, like a vaginal cream, tablets, gel, pessaries or even ring, skin patches etc.

This medication needs to be used continuously, without any gap. You can also go for a cycle, where you can get estrogen continuously and progesterone in every alternate week.

There are 2 main types of hormone therapy:

  • One stream is known as estrogen-only therapy. This hormone provides relief to women from menopausal symptoms. This form of treatment is normally favored for women who do have an uterus due to some accidents or procedures like hystecrectomy.
  • The therapy that uses a combination of both estrogen and progesterone is called EPT. The role of progesterone in this treatment is to protect women having uterus from uterine cancer.

Modes of HRT:

  • There are certain systemic products that can be used. They will normally flow through the bloodstream to all parts of the body. They are available in various forms like gel, patches, oral tablets, sprays , injections etc. They are effective in treating symptoms like hot flashes , vaginal symptoms, night flashes , osteoporosis etc.
  • There is another category of products that act on a specific area or part of our body. These category of products are available in the form of a ring , cream or tablet. They are effective in dealing with vaginal symptoms.

Best practices for prescribing:

The best way to begin hormone therapy is to start with small but effective doses and continue that for the shortest possible period of time in line the goals that you are trying to achieve through this treatment. It has been found that women aged between 50 to 59 years who start the treatment close to their menopause have a greater chance of having a favorable result. However if started later then it becomes riskier with age and arrival of menopause. For women who experience menopause before the age of 40 can go for HT provided they do not have a previous history of breast cancer. However it is recommended that you should consult with a professional before going for this treatment. They will suggest customized plans for individuals.

HRT Side effects and risks associated with it:

Like several other medications, HRT also has some side effects, however these effects mostly go away within the initial 3 months.

Following are some usual side effects:

Nausea, headaches, indigestion, tenderness of breast, vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain. Some of it can enhance the risk of breast cancer as well as blood clots too.

HRT Alternatives:

Some alternatives to HRT are also available especially for women with perimenopause symptoms.

These are as follows:

  • Stop smoking
  • Lower the consumption of spicy foods, alcohol and caffeine
  • Daily workout
  • Sleeping in a cool as well as well-ventilated room
  • Put on loose cloths
  • A medicine known as tibolone has a similar impact as that of a combined HRT (progesterone and estrogen). However it might not be as effective as HRT. This option is only meant for women who had their last menstruation over a year ago.
  • Clonidine is a non-hormonal medicine, which can help you to avert night sweats as well as hot flashes too. However the benefits might not be as pronounced as HRT.
  • Though it has some side effects like dizziness etc. however antidepressant can also lower the symptoms like hot flushes as well as night sweats too.

Though HRT is a good option for treating menopausal symptoms, however before you decide on anything you need to have a really good talk with your doctor. Your doctor can advise you on what to do and what not to, according to your current health situation.

The Importance of Treating OCD Earlier Than Later

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition that parents may think they are unequipped to handle. While children with OCD often have fears, feelings or unwanted thoughts, parents may want to have their child diagnosed early on to better assist them through a proper treatment plan.

Family Deals with the Condition:

As a person ages, they may experience health problems such as diabetes and heart disease. While accurate blood pressure readings and physician checkups can address certain situations before they become dire, there are also things you can do early on in life to combat health complications. This includes eating a healthy diet, exercising and managing your weight. But for health issues such as obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), early identification is key to getting the right treatment. Children with extreme symptoms may have a hard time paying attention in the classroom. Their homework may even suffer if they can’t control their thoughts or anxiety. You can look for signs such as your child is irritable, anxious, upset or sad. They may also feel unsure of situations or have trouble deciding things. If they’re performing a task, your child may also lose their temper. An early diagnose with an expert allows family members to deal with the condition and get the kids the help that they need.

Allows Time to Gather Information and Resources:

Gather Information
Image by Pexels

OCD is diagnosed with the help of a psychiatrist or psychologist. After a thorough interview process, questionnaire and checklist, the health professional can make a proper diagnosis. Early detection offers patients a better chance at improving their symptoms. Not all therapies work for everyone, so you may need to find an OCD treatment that works best for your child’s personal needs. Several treatment methods include psychotherapy, medication, physical therapy, mindfulness, cognitive and group therapy programs. If your child is diagnosed earlier than later, you have time to gather information to determine the best course of action. You can also enlist the help of the various resources available to you. Remember, knowledge equals power, so you want to fill your mind with as much information as possible.

Find Ways to Manage the Illness:

Find Ways to Manage the Illness
Image by Pixabay

Feelings of nervousness or cleanliness are other signs of OCD behaviors. If you’re a parent who is looking to manage the illness, you can start by speaking with your child in an open forum. Show your support by discussing what is going on with their body both mentally and physically. Be supportive by letting them know that you’ll be there for them to help deal with the stresses that they may experience.

Help Child Improve Symptoms with Therapy:

Help Child Improve Symptoms with Therapy
Image by Pixabay

Based on recent studies found in the Nordic Long-term OCD research, children with OCD and who were exposed to cognitive-behavioral therapy programs had a better chance of improvement when diagnosed at a younger age. If you want to help your child deal with OCD, you can play an active role in their therapy program. Because the treatment plan can be lengthy, you want to make yourself available during all appointments. You also want to adhere to the exercises and recommendations that the therapist deems important. Encourage your child to work hard no matter how tough the struggles may be. If you don’t know much about OCD, there’s a lot of information for parents to help you cope. It may also help to get involved with other organizations where you can share stories and find ideas to help improve your child’s every day symptoms.

Develop a Plan to Live a Healthier Life:

Dealing with OCD behaviors can prove challenging for children. They may even want to give up if the anxieties become too much for them. But treating OCD at an earlier age urges kids to meet the obstacles head on. If at some point during the day they find the anxieties too great to handle, they can get rid of the compulsive reactions to OCD symptoms by following exercises at home. The therapist may also need to meet with them on a regular basis to better assist them in enjoying a healthier and more normal life. Even exposing oneself to the various situations that trigger the OCD behavior can teach kids to stop carrying out the compulsive reactions. Over time, they may stop reacting to the OCD situations because they are no longer afraid.

Develop a Plan to Live a Healthier Life
Image by Pixabay

OCD behaviors involve compulsive actions and thoughts. If not dealt with correctly, the symptoms can evolve into more serious situations such as anxiety, fear, nervousness, and repetition. But getting treatment early on through therapy can help kids learn about their compulsiveness. It also allows them to find the proper treatment plan that will improve their symptoms and maybe even conquer their fears.

Featured Image by Pixabay

How To Get Accurate Blood Pressure Readings At Home

Blood Pressure Readings

Staying on top of your health is crucial in catching diseases at the earliest possible time. Individuals diagnosed with high blood pressure, for instance, need to monitor their blood pressure to stay on top of major complications like heart disease.

Your monthly checks at the doctor’s office may simply not be enough to closely monitor your condition. The American Heart Association suggests home monitoring for people with hypertension not only for personal awareness but also to help their healthcare provider find out whether treatments have been effective.

Good thing blood pressure monitoring is easy, even when you’re at home and by yourself. You simply need to ensure that you are doing it correctly, as bad practices can result to inaccurate blood pressure readings.

Here are a few tips on how you can accurately measure your blood pressure at home:

Purchase a blood pressure monitor:

Today, the market is full of blood pressure monitors that are easy-to-use and provide accurate results. Dr. Randall Zusman, Division of Hypertension director at Massachusetts General Hospital, suggests buying a monitor with a NIBP cuff that can fit snuggly around the upper arm. Although there are wrist or finger monitors available, they might not be as accurate as the arm types.

Automatic monitors are the most convenient to use since they don’t require a stethoscope and their NIBP cuffs inflate by themselves to spare you the hassle of doing it by yourself.

See your doctor for tips on accurate use.

To help you determine your new device’s accuracy, take the blood pressure monitor with you to your doctor and have him or her check its accuracy. He or she may be able to check its parts, including the NIBP hose, connectors, and cuff, to see if they are working well. Your doctor may also compare the results to the office model for better assessment. In your end, it might help to have your doctor watch you as you perform the monitoring by yourself to see if you are doing the right thing.

Avoid factors that affect the blood pressure:

Before checking your blood pressure at home, do take note that aside from the equipment used, there are other factors that can cause your blood pressure to rise temporarily, resulting to false readings. For instance, blood pressure levels normally go up due to stress, smoking, exercise, cold temperatures, and intake of caffeine or certain medicines.

To avoid obtaining inaccurate blood pressure readings, try to steer clear from these factors prior to self-monitoring. It is advised to do your measurements the same time each day, though your doctor may also suggest for you to monitor during other times of the day for comparison.

Monitor in the proper position:

Your position when taking a blood pressure reading can significantly affect the results. In order to obtain accurate readings, make sure to sit on a stable chair with your back straight and feet flat on the floor. Make sure your legs are not crossed to allow blood to flow freely. Next, lay your arm on a flat surface, with the upper arm at heart level. Once in the proper position, wrap the monitor’s cuff around the upper arm, making sure that the middle of the NIBP cuff is directly above the eye of the elbow.

Know your numbers:

Of course, it is important to know the normal blood pressure levels in order to effectively monitor your condition. The normal levels fall under 120/80 mmHg, so a reading of 140/90 mmHg and up is common in people with high blood pressure. If you are keeping your blood pressure under control through medications and proper diet and exercise, and you get a single high reading, it may not be an immediate cause for alarm. Take your blood pressure a few more times and check for any signs that you may not be doing it properly.

However, if you get an unexpected reading of 180/110 mmHg and higher even after a couple of readings, you may be undergoing a hypertensive crisis, which requires emergency medical attention. Call 911 immediately, especially if you are experiencing shortness of breath, chest pain, and vision changes.

It’s not enough to simply be religious when it comes to visiting your doctor. It also helps to take part and take control of your condition, even with just the simple act of self-monitoring your blood pressure at home.

Featured Image by Flickr

Facts About Menopause: Every Women Should Be Aware of It!

Menopause is a natural phase for every woman. When a woman is not having her periods for almost a year, then it’s medically considered that her ovaries are not able to produce as they used to before. Symptoms of menopause include both emotional as well as physical signs, like mood swing, hot flashes, having problems in sleeping etc. However there are various medicines are available in the market, which can support women, during those initial months. Though most people experience menopause after turning 50, however, many women have also experienced it during their 40’s too. Because of family history or physical condition they can experience this early in their life. Continue reading “Facts About Menopause: Every Women Should Be Aware of It!”