Tag: breast cancer

The Majority of Patients with Early Breast Cancer Leave Therapy Incomplete

A new study by the group of US researchers on breast cancer has revealed that more than half of the patients who have early stages of this cancer leave the full prescribed course of hormone therapy.

Breast CancerIn this study the automated pharmacy records of 8,769 women were analyzed, most of them were those who were having type 1, 2 or 3 hormone sensitive breast cancer and it was found out that each woman filled at least one prescription of hormone therapy each year.

While discussing about the study the leading author of the study Dr. Dawn Hershman, an associate professor of medicine and epidemiology at Columbia University Medical Center, said in a news release from the Journal of Clinical Oncology said that “Physicians are often unaware of patient compliance, and this is becoming an increasingly important issue in cancer” and further “It’s very disturbing that patients under 40 had the highest discontinuation rates because those patients have the longest life expectancy”.

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Breast Cancer – An Overview

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is affected to women mainly. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there area number of risk factors.

The risk factors are as below:

  • Breast CancerAge: the chance of getting breast cancer rises as a woman gets older
  • Genes: there are genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2 that greatly increase the risk.
  • Personal Factor: beginning periods before age 12 or going through menopause after age 55

Other risks include over weight, using hormone replacement therapy, taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after the age of 35.

Symptoms of breast cancer may include lump in the breast, a change in the size or shape or discharge of nipple. Breast self exam and mammography can help find breast cancer at an early stage when it can be treatable. The treatment comprises of many stages.

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Breast Cancer Prevention, Symptoms, Screening and Diagnosis

Breast Cancer Symptoms

In the initial stages, the breast cancer has no obvious symptoms and it vary in individuals from lumps to swelling and changes in the skin.

Breast Cancer SymptomsA lump too small which is felt does not cause any unusual changes and it is unnoticed.

However, in many cases appearance of new lump or a mass is the first sign noticed. The lump may be hard to touch with uneven edges and they are painless.

But there are cases the lump is very tender, round edged and soft. More lumps are painless.

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Breast Cancer – An Overview

Breast Cancer

Cancer affects many organs of the body and cancerous affection of the breast is called breast cancer.

Lobules that supply milk to the ducts are affected by cancer and they are called lobular carcinomas. The ducts that pass or carry the milk from the lobules to nipple are also affected and the cancer affecting the milk duct is called ductal carcinomas. There are different types of cancer that affects breast and these are differentiated by their spread and aggressiveness. Survival depends up on the nature and genetic make up and there are various forms of treatment are available including surgery, drugs and radiation.

Among all types of cancer, the world wide incidence of breast cancer takes its place at 10 %. Breast cancer is in the fifth place among cancer death in the world.

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‘Small Size May Complicate Breast Tumour Treatment’

The HER2 positive type of tiny breast tumours that apparently look cured after surgical operations are more likely to breast-tumour1recur as compared to the bigger ones,  American researchers said in a report  on Friday.

After five years, 23 percent of patients with small tumours one cm (half an inch) or smaller whose cancer was HER2 positive had tumours come back after surgery, Gonzalez-Angula of the MD Anderson Cancer Centre in Houston told the San AntonioBreast Cancer Conference.

Genentech Inc. for women with these types of breast cancer. “Most physicians do not treat these small tumours with Herceptin,

” Dr Ana M. Gonzalez-Angula, who led the study, told reporters.The researchers recommended extra treatment with some outmoded practices like using drugs like Herceptin by

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Vitamin B Supplements Don’t Help Preventing Cancer, A Study Says.

Vitamin B supplementsA new study says that taking folic acid and other vitamin B supplements do not lower cancer risk; however, the good news is that they don’t increase cancer risk either.

The study has been published in the Nov.5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Study author, Dr. Shumin Zhang, who is an associate professor of medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, in Boston, says: “We have found that in women at cardiovascular disease risk folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 didn’t have any beneficial or harmful effects on their invasive orbreast cancer risk.”

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the government has mandated to add folic acid to cereals and breads, as their adequate levels in women have proven to prevent seriousbirth defects.

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