Tag: glaucoma

All about Glaucoma – Its Tests and Different Treatments

Glaucoma is a type of eye disease that causes damage to the optic nerves which in turn leads to loss of vision that is permanent when left untreated. In most of the cases this condition is caused by the rise in the intraocular pressure of the aqueous humor, which is the fluid in the eye. This deadly condition has earned the nickname of being the “silent thief of sight” as the loss in vision often occurs very gradually and over a period of time and the condition is often identified only in the advanced stages. In most of the cases of glaucoma the loss of vision is so slow that patients only realize that there is a problem when they have completely lost their vision. Glaucoma is in fact one of the second most popular causes for blindness.

There are different types of glaucoma namely, the chronic or open angle glaucoma, the acute glaucoma or the angle closure glaucoma, the congenital glaucoma and the secondary glaucoma. While the open angle glaucoma progresses at a slow rate, the close angle glaucoma often is painful and appears suddenly causing loss of vision quickly. The congenital glaucoma often runs in families and is a condition that is present at birth and the secondary glaucoma is caused due to consumption of certain drugs.

Conventional Surgery to Treat Glaucoma

Photo by : wikipedia

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Different Types of Glaucoma, Symptoms and Causes

The human eye has two main areas, known as the anterior segment which is in the front and is filled with the aqueous humor, a clear watery fluid and the posterior segment at the back that is filled with the vitreous humor. The usually intraocular pressure, which is the pressure within the eye, is often between 12mmHg and 20mmHg and usually when the intraocular pressure rises in the eye, it leads to number of complex medical conditions with glaucoma being one of them.

Infection and inflammation of the glaucoma Bleb

Photo by : wikimedia

Glaucoma refers to the group of complex conditions that occurs due to the damage of the optic nerve, which mostly happens due to the increase in thee pressure in the eye. However there have been cases where people with low intraocular pressure have also developed glaucoma. There are different types of glaucoma. Given below are some details on the same.

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