Apnea is a condition which is not rare at the same time it’s not a normal state. It’s very much connected with prematurity. Apnea means no breath or stopped breathing. It happens when central nervous system declines to send proper breathing orders to the respiratory muscles. For obstructive apnea infants fail to breathe because of anatomical airway though the orders are given. For toddlers it occurs owing to adenoids & enlarged tonsils, on the contrary for newborns it occurs because of obstacles to the poor muscles of the passageway where air passes from the nose or mouth to the air sacs of the lungs.
Consequences of apnea are: brain damage among infants, complete respiratory failure, excessive strain on infant’s lungs & heart and even leads to death.
Some basic reasons of sleep apnea are:
• Imperfection in the birth of the babies during delivery
• Bleeding in the brain
• Lower blood sugar level
• Influence of drugs
• Blocked airway etc.
• Apnea is confederated with gastro esophageal reflux disease, hypoglycaemia & anaemia.
Advices for newborn sleep apnea are:
• Make sure that your baby is under proper observation & paediatrician has taken all the necessary steps.
• Efficient paediatricians can advice you where your child should be made to sleep at night.
• For several cases medication has been suggested, you can consult your paediatrician regarding that.
• You & your partner might hear about CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), when your child’s breathing is detained the time is very crucial.
• Ask your paediatrician’s suggestion whether you need to keep any oxygen cylinder at home.
• Work efficiently to retain the apnea monitor condition, whenever your child is into a state of sleep use that as schedule for baby sleeps.
• If your children go through general anaesthesia make sure that they must monitor closely for at least 12 hours at the hospital.