Cancer is a class of disease characterized by out -of-control cell growth. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among Australian men, and the second most common cause of cancer death in Australian women following breast cancer.
Recent research analyzing lung cancer mortality in men and women living in Australia and New Zealand has found that female smokers appear to have about twice the risk of dying from lung cancer compared with male smokers.
Tobacco smoking is the largest single preventable cause of death and disease in Australia today. In order to reduce the smoking rates Government is planning to introduce simple plain packaging of tobacco products.
Bowel cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer, after lung cancer. There are about 11,300 new cases and 4,600 deaths from bowel cancer each year in Australia. In Australia the chances of getting bowel cancer are about one in 18 for men, and one in 26 for women.
National Bowel Cancer Screening Program introduced by the Australia Government has could save upto 30 lives a week.
Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world.Over 1000 Australians are treated for skin cancer daily and over 1850 Australians die from skin cancer each year. Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer among the three types of skin cancer.
Australian Government investment in skin cancer campaigns shows a declining trend since 2007-08.
Groups within Australia experience inequities i.e. differences in levels of health who should receive proper assistance when they are diagnosed with cancer said by Professor Olver.
The issue of cancer in local people is complex and under-researched, but higher rates of smoking are the leading cause of cancer in both sexes.