Health News

Breast Self-Examination is the primary method to discover the symptoms of breast cancer

Cancer in general is a disease in which cells begin to grow rapidly and without of any control. Cancer cells can travel through the body by the way of blood or lymph nodes. When it comes to the specific case of Breast Cancer, every woman could be at risk for breast cancer. The risk of breast cancer varies with age, typically for women below the age of 25 this risk is about 1 in 20,000 whereas at the age of 45, it is 1 percent and at age 85, it is more than 1 in 10.

Researchers are yet to find out why and how normal cells suddenly can become cancerous. Thus, the fundamental cause or causes of such type of cancer is still unknown but scientists have found out that certain risk elements are associated to the development of breast cancer. These elements include family breast cancer history of occurring in mother or sister and early beginning of menstruation and also late menopause. In other cases women do not breast-feed or Women who have no children or have children late in life have more risk.

Read more

Hormone replacement therapy for women

“The risks of breast cancer, stroke, heart attack and blood clots outweigh the benefits for bones. And we have other drugs we can use to prevent osteoporosis.”-Dr. Jerry Avorn, associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School

There are several symptoms that signal the onset of menopause in women. Most women suffer from vaginal hot flashes, severe mood swings and itchiness or dryness. These irritating conditions are relieved by a treatment called hormone replacement therapy, also called hormone therapy for women. It has been a very popular and preferred treatment for uncomfortable menopausal symptoms. With natural menopause, the monthly cycles stop. The amount of hormones (progesterone and oestrogen) produced by the ovaries of a woman reduces significantly. Also, hormone replacement therapy is used in treating surgically menopausal women. The ovaries are removed by surgery for various reasons, hence the term ‘surgical menopause’.

Action of HRT

What hormone replacement therapy does is to provide the body with these hormones in order to reduce the postmenopausal symptoms that many women suffer from. There may be a slight risk in supplying just one of these two hormones. For example, for women with intact uterus, being given oestrogen might have a greater risk of endometric cancer. Of course, the amount of replacement hormones is less than what the ovaries normally produce in reproductive women. At a time, the replacement may not have many risks, but regular replacement of hormones might expose these women to slightly higher risk of strokes, cancer and fractures.

Read more

In a nutshell about HIV & AIDS, TB and Cancer

AIDS is our number one enemy. This enemy can be defeated. While the research for a cure continues, four principles — love, support, acceptance and care for those affected — can make us winners.” – Nelson Mandela

Treatment for patients who are HIV & AIDS positive is a combination of 3 antiretroviral drugs which are referred to as ART or antiretroviral therapy. This combination is used to repress the HIV virus and stop the progress of the disease. With this latest therapy of treating HIV & AIDS patients, there has been a drop in the death rates and reduced suffering also. Of course this drug has to be taken very regularly and any break in treatment will create a massive set back. Children and pregnant women are also given ART treatment.

Though the drug is expensive there are many NGOs in third world countries, who take the responsibility of treating patients free of cost with funds raised from various sources. The WHO has been taking an active part in the research and treatment of this dreaded disease.

Read more